An international team of researchers have uncovered the first-ever case of brain cancer among children in the United Kingdom, with the news of a new case of the disease emerging from an autopsy report.
The news comes days after a new study revealed a rare case of childhood brain cancer and was cited by Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt as a reason for the Government’s decision to move away from the use of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
The new case was identified in a review of all coronavirus-related brain and spinal injuries from 2005 to 2017 in the Greater London area, according to a statement released by the National Centre for Neurosurgery and the Institute of Psychiatry at King’s College London.
The study, published in the journal Lancet Neurology, found that the child had a rare form of brain inflammation known as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which was associated with an increase in intracranial pressure (ICP), a measure of brain damage.
The children were identified as having the most severe form of the disorder, and they were aged between 10 and 15.
They were all referred to a specialist neurosurgeon in their area, who had performed surgery on them as part of a routine examination, the statement said.
The patient had been admitted to a hospital with a head injury but no other injuries.
The team from the National Institute for Health Research in Birmingham was able to collect DNA from the brain tissue of the child and the radiologist’s results showed the child was diagnosed with brain cancer.
The child was given a series of aggressive chemotherapy treatments and a radiotherapy course in the hospital, with radiotherapy also being used for the child’s older sister and mother.
The researchers found that brain tissue from the child contained large amounts of a protein that normally acts as a marker of the brain inflammation.
However, when the protein was removed from the tissue, the protein had become inactive.
They concluded that brain inflammation caused the child to develop a rare and severe form known as NSCLC.
The scientists said the protein may have been present in brain tissue prior to the cancer diagnosis and may also have been involved in the cancer process.
Dr James Mennie, a neurosurgery consultant at the University of Reading, said the results were a “surprise” and called on the Government to follow the National Health Service’s (NHS) recommendations and to take steps to increase awareness of this disease.
“We have seen cases of this rare and very severe form in children before, but we are now witnessing cases where it has become more common,” he said.
“The NHS recommendations, however, have been very vague and not very clear.
It is now up to the Government and the NHS to take some action to increase the awareness of brain and spine cancer.”
The National Centre has been working with the National Research Council (NRC) to find new ways of diagnosing and treating this type of cancer.
Dr Roberta Aitken, the chief executive of the charity Brain Institute, said: “The news that a child with brain and vertebral spinal injuries has been diagnosed with this rare, rare form is very exciting, and a great step forward in understanding the disease.”
“It is important that we are doing everything we can to ensure that this rare form can be identified and treated, and that it is identified early and treated appropriately.”
She said the child who was diagnosed would not have had a chance to live past the age of 10.
Dr John Wood of King’s School of Medicine, who conducted the study, said there was no indication the new child had ever had a normal childhood.
“They’re extremely rare, they’re very rare, and if you have one you have a very small chance of getting it,” he told The Independent.
“There’s a very low probability that the mutation will cause anything but a very minor form of cancer.”
He said the new diagnosis was “a good indication that we should be looking at the possibility of treating this rare type of brain injury”.
He said it was a rare condition that would not affect normal children.
Dr Wood said that although the child in the new study had a small number of mutations, “there’s still a chance” of this type being passed on.
“If you have multiple mutations, the chance is very high that you could have a more severe form, and we need to be very careful to ensure it doesn’t happen,” he added.
Dr Michael Tuthill from the British Brain Foundation said there were other possible causes of the rare brain disease, but they did not involve a mutation.
“What this is not, and this is where it’s hard to understand, is brain injury,” he explained.
He added that the potential for this type, as well as brain damage from the type of trauma the child received, made”
I think the key here is it’s not a mutation, but it’s an injury that affects the brain.”
He added that the potential for this type, as well as brain damage from the type of trauma the child received, made